Handicap Bathroom Requirements
Handicap bathroom requirements were released by ADA (the American with Disabilities Act) to regulate the homeowners and contractors who build a friendly bathroom to disable people.
We cannot underestimate these requirements because if one of them is not done, it will danger the safety of disable. For normal people, whatever condition of bathroom will not affect anything. For disable people, a friendly bathroom or we can say as handicap bathroom is an advantageous place for them to take a rest with full of confidence and do not need any help of others.
Handicap Bathroom Requirements from ADA
ADA has regulated the requirements for handicap bathroom as well. If you are a contractor of public restroom or a homeowner who have disable person in your house, you must check these out and follow all the requirements while you are building the bathroom.
The first requirement of ADA handicap bathroom is the correct grab bar. Grab bars cannot be replaced by towel bars because the function of those bars are totally different. Grab bars are something help you to support you when you are going to fall down in a bathroom or also help you to stand up after sitting. While towel bars are something to put towel. Grab bar for handicap bathroom must be anchored with a smooth surface so that it can be easily grabbed. You have to pay attention to the required diameter of the pipe, it must be between 1 ¼ to 1 ½ inches. You have to install the grab bars between 34 and 38 inches off the ground. Do not forget to leave a separation place between the grab bar and the surface where it is located of at least 1 ½ inches. The space will give room for proper grab and let the hand to firmly grab the bar. For safety, the grab bar must contain round edges and the handrail must be returned to the connection posts or walls. This will avoid someone get hurting by a sharp object.
The second requirement is the floor clearance. You have to provide a clear space in a handicap bathroom to accommodate a single wheelchair. Minimum dimension for the space is 30”x48”.
The third requirement is rotating space. To build a handicap bathroom, you must provide a space for a wheelchair to rotate freely inside the bathroom. The dimension of rotating space is at least 60” in diameter to accommodate the wheelchair can turn until 18 degree.
The fourth requirement is about lavatories. You must install a lavatory at least 17” extend from back all and it must have a clearance at least 29” from the bottom of the apron to he finished floor. The lavatory, must not be installed at heights greater than 34″. If the lavatory is installed in a counter top, it should be placed no further than 2″ of the front edge for maximum accessibility.
The fifth requirement related to toilets. The handicap toilets must have at least 60” in width. It also must provide adequate space to accommodate the wheelchair to the sides of the toilet or in front of it. You also must install horizontal grab bars behind the toilet and on the nearest wall that is closer. Toilet seat heights must be between 17″ to 19″ above the finished floor. The lever for flush control must be placed on the open side of the toilet with the clearest floor space and mounted no higher than 44″ above finished floor.
The last requirement is hand dryer installation. To complete handicap toilet, you must install a hairdryer that must be either motion activated or touch free devices. If you are installing new hand dryer equipment, it is very important to follow ADA design guidelines and regulations. One of them is the regulation from ADA regarding the location of a hand dyer and its depth from the wall. Most of the today hand dryers don’t have sensors alerting blind people of their location. Because of this ADA specifies that the hand dryer must not protrude from the wall more than 4 inches. If this rule is not met, there is a significant chance that a blind person can hit the hand dryer and can possibly be injured.
Handicap bathroom requirements must be fulfilled to guarantee the safety of the users who are disable people.